Types Of Cavities And What To Do About Them

January 30, 2017
Orlando Smiles, Inc.
Comments Off on Types Of Cavities And What To Do About Them

Chart about tooth decay

Cavities are buildups of bacteria and plaque that accumulate on our teeth over time and eventually begin to dissolve the enamel that protects our smile. Cavities can affect us at any point in our life, and lead to severe pain, sensitivity, and costly dental repairs. Because they feed on sugars, a keen sweet tooth and a lax brushing routine can lead to multiple visits to your Orlando dentist. Know the three kinds of cavities and how best to prevent them.

Pit and Fissure Cavities

Pit and fissure decay refers to the bumpy chewing off our teeth, used for breaking down foods. Because these teeth are the hardest spots to clean, pit and fissure cavities are the most common type. Especially in children.

A knowledgeable dentist in Orlando will usually treat a pit and fissure with a clear dental sealant to prevent bacteria from re-entering the space. However, if the cavity goes too deep, you may need fillings or crowns to complete treatment.

Cavities are easily prevented simply with diligent brushing. Remember to brush for 2 minutes twice a day, especially the hard to reach teeth in the back. A common mistake among children and adults is to focus brushing on only the visible teeth in the front, neglecting the important parts where more food gets caught.

Smooth Surface Cavities

Smooth surface decay occurs on the outer edge of teeth where plaque of collects along the gumline between teeth. Bacteria in this area grows slowly, so smooth surface cavities are most common in young adults. This type of cavity is fairly unnoticeable but can cause sudden and immense pain when it reaches the center of the tooth. In this case, you may suddenly wake up with an urgent need for an emergency dentist in Orlando.

Fortunately, smooth surface cavities are also the easiest to treat. Fluoride can quickly clear away the bacteria. If the cavity is especially deep, your Orlando dentist will have to drill in order to thoroughly clean the tooth.

Regular flossing and a fluoride rinse are very effective in preventing smooth surface cavities. You may want to consider limiting coffees and syrupy drinks.

Root Decay Cavities

Root decay cavities occur when the root of the tooth is exposed to bacteria, frequently after gum disease, illness, or age causes gums to recede. Brushing with a hard bristled toothbrush will also quickly wear away gums, allowing for plaque to collect in the crevices.

Treating root decay requires periodontal treatment and sometimes surgery to effectively clean the area. In cases where the gums are too worn down, grafting or tooth extraction may be the only option.

Some gum disease is hereditary, but regardless you should throw away your hard bristled toothbrush for one with soft, long bristles that can reach between teeth without irritating gums. Any dentist in Orlando will encourage to quit smoking or use of tobacco of any kind. Tobacco is a significant cause of gum disease and can eventually lead to lost teeth.

It would not hurt to slow down on the candies as well.